Malawi/Victoria Buffer? is a blend of carbonate salts designed to enhance the natural environment of cichlids by increasing carbonate hardness, buffer capacity, and pH. It is formulated to maintain a pH of 7.8?8.4. For optimum replication of the Malawi/Victoria Lake environment, use with Cichlid Lake Salt?, Cichlid Trace?, and NutriDiet? Cichlid Flakes.